Elastics (Rubber Bands)
Wearing elastics (or rubber bands) improve the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Wear rubber bands exactly as instructed, so that the rubber bands work more efficiently if they're worn as prescribed. You then will not wear them longer than necessary!
The Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device is an alternative to headgear or elastics (rubber bands) which promote growth in adolescents, help to eliminate excessive protrusions, improve the fit of teeth, and possibly prevent the need for jaw surgery.
Headgear is used to treat patients whose teeth are protruded, with the upper jaw forward of the lower jaw, or an underbite with the lower jaw forward of the upper jaw. Headgear gently "pull" your teeth to restrict further forward growth of your upper teeth and jaw.
The Herbst® appliance reduces protrusion by encouraging the growth of the lower jaw forward and the upper jaw backwards. This fixed appliance is used mostly for younger, growing children and is worn for about 13-15 months.
The palatal expander "expands" (or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you about when and how to adjust your expander. When you achieve the desired expansion, you will wear the appliance for 6-8 more months to act like a retainer, to allow bone to fill in the bigger upper jaw width to prevent relapse.
Positioners complete the final minor tooth movements in your orthodontic treatment. You'll start off wearing it full time for 2 days, then 6 hours during the days plus sleeping. The positioner may be used during the entire retention period but we may vary the time it is worn.
Retainers may be removable or fixed. They hold your teeth in their new, correct positions after your teeth have been straightened. Your orthodontist will instruct you on how to care for your retainer and about the duration of the wear. Wearing your retainer as directed is crucial to prevent regression of your treatment.
Separators or Spacers
Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. But, we do not want them to be removed by eating sticky foods,or flossing.. If they have done their job, they may be lost naturally once a space has been created.